Substance Abuse

Marijuana is a substance derived from the dried flowers, stems, and leaves of the plant Cannabis sativa (often called “hemp”). It is one of the most commonly used and abused substances in the world today. Normally ingested through smoking, marijuana usually gives off a distinct sweet-and-sour odor. Most marijuana users smoke it in hand-rolled cigarettes called joints, while others use pipes or water pipes called “bongs.” The substance can also be used to brew tea or mixed into foods. It also goes by a variety of common names, including pot, grass, weed, MJ and reefer.

Some of the signs or symptoms that can be noticed in individuals using marijuana may include:

  • marijuanaMucus filled coughs that occur frequently
  • Increased appetite, sometimes called “munchies”
  • Dry mouth
  • Rapidly beating heart
  • Anxiety or fear
  • Reduced reaction time
  • Poor memory, forgetful in conversation
  • Poor concentration and coordination
  • Loud, rapid speech and laughter outbursts in early stages of intoxication
  • Aroma resembling burnt rope on breath or clothing
  • Distorted sense of time
  • Bloodshot eyes
  • Possession of marijuana-related paraphernalia, such as roach clips, rolling papers, pipes or bongs

Physical Effects of Marijuana Substance Use and Abuse

Contrary to what many people think, marijuana has a powerful chemical makeup which renders it a high risk drug to Continue Reading

Substance use and abuseSubstance use and abuse is something that cannot be taken lightly since it affects individuals involved and those close to them. Methamphetamine is one substance that has particularly adverse effects. This substance is also known by a number of other names including: Meth, Crystal Meth, Ice, Glass, Shabu, Trash, Tina, Tweak, Speed, Ventana, Uppers, Yellow Bam and Vidrio. Taking a close look at the effects of using this drug will reveal just why it is one of the most dangerous substances in the world today.

Methamphetamine is highly addictive. Even casual use can lead to fast addiction and withdrawal symptoms lasting months.

Side-Effects of Small Doses of Methamphetamine

This substance can be ingested a number of ways including swallowing, snorting, smoking and injecting. Once a person has taken this Continue Reading

Steroids, such as cortisone, prednisone and hydrocortisone, are legitimate drugs used to treat medical conditions. Anabolic steroids are drugs that replicate human sex hormones (such as estrogen and testosterone), which are often taken illegally and abused in an effort to alter physical appearance.

When used exactly as prescribed by a doctor, steroids can be helpful in a number of ways. Examples of cases that may lead to a doctor prescribing anabolic steroids can include delayed puberty, cancer and AIDS.

If someone decides to take steroids to the point of substance use and abuse, however, a number of complications can arise. In such cases, steroids abusers are taking from 10 to 100 times more than would normally be prescribed by a doctor to treat a condition or illness.

No Matter What You Call Them…

Steroids are also known by a number of common names, including:

  • steroidsJuice
  • Gym candy
  • Pumpers
  • Arnolds
  • Roids
  • Stackers

There are various side effects that can be noted in both male and female steroid users. These include: stunted growth, hostile and aggressive behavior, severe acne, irritability, high blood pressure, kidney failure, heart attack, stroke, and high risk of blood clotting. It is also worth noting that different people may experience other effects, depending on their lifestyle and the amount of steroids used.

Additional Risks of Steroid Substance Use and Abuse

Anabolic steroid use in an effort to bulk up is not uncommon among teenage athletes. When improperly used, steroids are Continue Reading

Heroin Addiction Although heroin isn’t as popular among teenagers in comparison with other drugs, it is still a significant problem. Heroin substance use and abuse gravely affects all users, regardless of age, and it is important that parents and other family members of teenagers and young adults are aware of this.

Statistics for substance abuse compiled by the National Institute on Drug Abuse show that in 2010, the average age for first time users was 21.3. This is significantly lower than 2009, when the average age was 25.5 years. The data shows that in 2011, 1.6% or 42 million Americans age 12 and above had tried heroin at least once during their lifetime.

How is Heroin Used and How Can Addiction be Treated?

Heroin can be used in many ways. Some choose to inject it, while others opt to inhale it through smoking, sniffing, or Continue Reading

substance use and abuseKetamine is an anesthetic drug that is usually used on animals and in some instances, on humans. In the 1950s, phencyclidine (PCP) was developed as an intravenous general anesthetic, but because of its severe side effects, Ketamine was developed as a dissociative anesthetic to replace it.

The substance use and abuse of Ketamine is common in individuals who are already abusing drugs and, as with many other abused substances, it can lead to extreme risks when used the wrong way. It is crucial to gain an understanding of the serious pitfalls of Ketamine addiction in an effort to avoid its hazards altogether.

Various street names for Ketamine include K, Special K, Vitamin K, super acid, super c, bump, cat Valium, green, honey oil, special la coke and jet.

What is Ketamine?

Ketamine is a type of medication that is used in both human and veterinary medicine for the maintenance and induction of general anesthesia. This drug is also used specifically for sedation in analgesia, intensive care, and Continue Reading